The Arab Federation for Human Rights (AFHR) participated in the meeting of the Second Preparatory Committee for the 2020 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), held at the Palais des Nations, Geneva, from 23 April to 4 May 2018.
The participation of the Arab Federation for Human Rights, represented by its Secretary-General Sarhane El-Tahir Saadi, was an active one by enriching the debate through a new concept of linking the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons to human rights and human security. Based on the fact that development, possession and stockpiling of these nuclear weapons pose a serious threat to international peace and security and equally prevents access to a safe space for all.
The Arab Federation for Human Rights has held several meetings with a group of ambassadors, directors of the UN Institute for Disarmament Affairs and representatives of civil society in order to emphasize the importance of denuclearizing the world, especially the Middle East. The Middle East is a hotbed of nuclear tension which is hovering over the nuclear deal concluded by the international community with the Iranian government, as well as questions about its effectiveness in curbing Iran’s pursuit of nuclear weapons through a secret military nuclear program. This is especially important since the Iranian government has recently shown a clear intransigence and made provocations despite repeated calls to stop the development of its ballistic missiles that can carry nuclear warheads.
The Federation also confirmed that such ambiguities and provocations would upset the balance in the Middle East, and would endanger security and stability, but would even trigger a nuclear arms race. The Arab states in the Middle East represented by their ambassadors have shown good intentions in adopting a Middle East free of nuclear weapons, stressing that they never thought of acquiring such weapons and that their goal is development and stability.
The Arab Federation for Human Rights – the largest human rights group in the Arab region and partner of the International Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (ICAN) – has been officially invited to participate in the enrichment and promotion of the NPT in the Arab world by communicating with Arab governments and civil society organizations at international conferences and meetings in cooperation with its partner “International Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament”.
Poland’s Ambassador Adam Bogieski presided over the Preparatory Committee which was open to all parties to the Treaty responsible for addressing the substantive and procedural issues relating to the Treaty and the forthcoming Review Conference to be held in New York City. The NPT entered into force in 1970 but was extended indefinitely in 1995 because of the rejection of some countries, notably America, France and Britain. The Treaty is the cornerstone of the global nuclear non-proliferation regime and a basis for nuclear disarmament. They have been formulated to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons and to achieve their disarmament objectives and to promote cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy.
Five nuclear-weapon states – the United States, China, Russia, France and Britain – have signed the treaty, while India, Pakistan and Israel have not signed the treaty. Israel does not officially recognize the possession of nuclear weapons, despite international reports indicating that they possess such weapons.
Arab Federation for Human Rights
Geneva – May 4th 2018